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Wildlife Rajasthan

The desert state of India, Rajasthan ironically is very vibrant with its fauna. Also known as the land of kings, Rajasthan offers spacious environs for the wild to roam around carelessly in their natural habitat. Offering a large diversity in the landscape, the state makes it easy for its ecosystem to survive together in the extremes. Ranging from the dry arid lands to lush green swamps, the state proudly lays claim to two National Parks, over a dozen Sanctuaries and two Closed Areas.

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries

The landscape of Rajasthan broadly varies from the infertile arid wilderness, dense scrub-thorn woods, rocks and gorges to swamps and lush, very thick grassy woodlands. And each of these huge parts is a beautiful home for a big diversity of amazing endangered beasts and bird life. Some of them rare while some seriously scarce. The state houses tigers, black bucks, chinkara, the sporadic desert fox, the greatly threatened caracal, the great Indian bustard, gavial, monitor lizard, wild boars, and porcupine. Exotic traveling birds like the common crane, ducks, coots, pelicans and the rare Siberian cranes, imperial sand grouse, falcons, buzzards herd to this land throughout the bitter chilly winter months.


Enclosed in an area of 392 sq km in the Sawai Madhopur area of Rajasthan, Ranthambore National Park is one of the essential wildlife habitats of the country. The park lies amid the two rivers of Banas and Chambal to its north and south. Kela Devi Sanctuary and Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary were merged together to form the tiger reserved region and hence the Ranthambore National Park. This park is an abode to the tigers, leopard, chital, sloth bear, hyena, Nilgai and Sambhar. The park has plenty of banyan trees that offer their shade to the wilds. The major attraction of the Ranthambore National Park is its jeep safari that lets one explore the wild.


Sariska Tiger Reserve is well nestled in the Aravali Hills covering 800 sq km area divided into the grasslands, dry deciduous forests, sheer cliffs and rocky landscape. It was declared to be a wildlife reserve in the 1955 but announced to be a Tiger Reserve in 1978The first globally successful reserve to relocate and rehabilitate the tigers this national park once flaunted the Royal Tigers of Bengal. Other wildlife of the park are Rhesus monkeys, hares, chowsinghaa, striped hyenas, wild boars, golden jackals, sambhar and leopards. Also some beautiful birds including grey partridge, bush quail, sand grouse, peafowl, golden backed woodpecker.


The Keoladeo Ghana National Park or Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary lies between two of India's most historic cities, Agra and Jaipur. The sanctuary is being named after the Keoladeo Temple that lies within the boundaries of the place. Laying close to the town of Bharatpur in Rajasthan it sprawls in an approximate area of 29 sq km. Keoladeo is famous as one of Asia’s finest birding areas, with over 380 resident and migrant species, including the Common, Demoiselle and the rare Siberian Cranes. It is also an excellent place to watch mammals like Golden Jackal, Striped Hyaena, Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Nilgai, Sambar, Blackbuck and wild Boar.


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